There are two types of steroids: Corticosteroids (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corticosteroid) and Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids. This page is about Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids which are DEA Schedule III substances under the Controlled Substances Act. Only a small number of anabolic steroids are approved for either human or veterinary use. Steroids may be prescribed by a licensed physician for the treatment of testosterone deficiency, delayed puberty, low red blood cell count, breast cancer, and tissue wasting resulting from AIDS.
Anabolic steroids are synthetic variations of the male sex hormone testosterone.
Anabolic steroids are synthetically produced variants of the naturally occurring male hormone testosterone that are used in an attempt to promote muscle growth, enhance athletic or other physical performance, and improve physical appearance. Testosterone, nandrolone, stanozolol, methandienone, and boldenone are some of the most frequently abused anabolic steroids.
Steroids & Performance-enhancing Substances Common Myths :
What Are Steroids?
People use steroids for a variety of reasons:
"Anabolic" refers to the drug's capacity to increase protein synthesis, which results in increased muscle tissue. "Androgenic" refers to its properties in promoting the development of male sex characteristics (for example, deep voice and body hair).Another frequently cited side effect of non-medical steroid use is aggression and violence. In the mid-1980s, the notion steroid use leads to aggressive or violent behaviour became widespread, giving rise to the term "roid rage". There are likely to be many factors influencing the relationship between drugs (including steroids) and aggressive behaviour. This includes personality traits, neuropsychological risks, environmental influences, socioeconomic status, and/or the use of multiple substances at once. While some people who use steroids report increased irritation, the complexity of the relationship between hormones and behaviour suggests violent outbursts can't simply be accorded to using steroids.
Who uses anabolic steroids and why?
100 variations of Anabolic Steroids:
Common street names include:
Steroids are available in:
What is their effect on the mind?
How do they make you feel?
Are they addictive?
Why are anabolic steroids a concern?
Understand the risks:
The minor side effects of steroid use include:
The major side effects include:
Side effects specific to men can include:
For women side effects can include:
An increase in androgenic (male) hormones may also lead to aggressive behavior. Research also indicates that people who use steroids often suffer from paranoid jealousy, extreme irritability, delusions, and impaired judgment stemming from feelings of invincibility.
Teens who misuse steroids are at a significant risk of suffering irreversible side effects, including stunted growth, accelerated puberty changes and abnormal sexual development.
What happens when we use steroids?
Impact on well-being:
Steroid use can also affect our social lives. While using steroids may help us feel strong and assured about our appearance, using more than moderate amounts may lead to feeling irritable and agitated, potentially affecting our relationships. And while using steroids to develop a muscular body may make us feel more attractive, frequent use may lead to sexual difficulties. Steroid use can lead to acne. And frequent use of more than moderate amounts may result in temporary aggressive behaviour (research suggests some people may be more vulnerable to this negative effect than others). Regular use of more than moderate amounts is also linked to heart and liver disease.
Q: What are the side effects of taking anabolic steroids?
A:They are known to have a range of serious adverse effects on many organ systems, and in many cases the damage is not reversible. They include fertility problems, impotence, high blood pressure and cholesterol, and heart and liver abnormalities. Boys may experience shrinkage of the testes or the development of breast tissue; girls may experience menstrual irregularities and development of masculine qualities such as facial and body hair. Both may experience acne. Both boys and girls may also experience mood swings and aggressive behavior, which can impact the lives not only of those taking steroids, but of everyone around them.
Q: Are prescriptions needed to get steroids?
A:Yes, in fact anabolic steroids are classified as Schedule III Controlled Substances by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration with strict regulations, meaning that not only is a prescription required, but there are extra controls. For example, it is illegal to possess them without a prescription in the United States, and in most circumstances the prescription must be in written form and cannot be called in to a pharmacist. Labels on some steroids recommend testing of hormone levels during use.
Q: What would you say to a teen you knew was tempted by steroids?
A:I would emphasize both the short and long-term potential for serious harm to their health. Rather than making you look or perform better, steroids will more likely cause unfavorable results that could affect you for life. I would also remind them that there are a number of ways to increase muscle mass and athletic performance, including a sensible regimen of exercise and diet, without resorting to extreme and dangerous therapies.
Anabolic ratio and Androgenic ratio chart: